Can’t find a simple definition of “discrete nodule”? Here, a physician explains precisely what a discrete nodule is.
Perhaps you’re worried about discrete nodules because cancer comes to mind.
“I think it’s best to look at the definitions of the two words,” begins Dr. David Beatty, MD, a retired general practitioner with 30+ years of experience and an instructor of general medicine for 20 years.
“Discrete (in the medical sense) means separate, distinct, unattached or disconnected.
“It generally means it isn’t fixed to or integrated into the adjacent tissue or organ.
“A nodule is an area of abnormal tissue growth. When it’s on the surface of the body it may be felt as a small firm lump.
“Nodules can occur in the skin, tendons, muscles, vocal cords, thyroid or lung and in most other organs.”
You might be wondering, if they’re discrete (non-integrated into surrounding tissue), how can they occur in the skin, tendons and most other organs?
Occurring in, does not mean attached to or integrated with. It means existing in, but not fused or affixed to.
Thus, the mass can be existing and growing inside tissue but not be part of it.
Dr. Beatty says, “The majority are benign but some are cancerous.
“If the lump is fluid filled it would be termed a cyst rather than a nodule. Cysts are generally less likely to be malignant. These can sometimes be drained by aspiration with a needle.
“The management will vary according to the location, how quickly it’s growing and what other health problems the person has.
“Small discrete skin nodules may just need observation.
“If it’s clearly growing, especially if this is rapid, then an ultrasound (to find if it’s solid or cystic) may be needed. Biopsy or surgical removal might be warranted.
Nodules in the tendons and muscles are usually benign, but rapid growth may warrant a scan or removal.
“Rheumatoid arthritis is a common cause of innocent nodules in the musculoskeletal system and lungs.
“The thyroid gland, in the neck, is a common site for nodules. They would usually be assessed by a scan and sometimes a biopsy.
“Nodules are occasionally noted on a chest X-ray. Most are caused by previous infection or scar tissue.
“Follow-up X-rays or scans may be needed for further assessment and to monitor any growth.
“Sometimes a biopsy is advised, but the doctor has to weigh the likelihood of finding a treatable condition against the risks of the procedure.
“A discrete nodule is preferable to one that is fixed and firmly attached to adjacent tissue.
“It’s technically easier to surgically remove. In the event of it being a cancerous nodule, it’s less likely to have spread into the nearby structures if it’s discrete.”
Bottom line: If your doctor says you have a “discrete nodule,” there is no need to lose sleep.
Dr. Beatty has worked in primary medicine, surgery, accident and emergency, OBGYN, pediatrics and chronic disease management. He is the Doctor of Medicine for Strong Home Gym.
Lorra Garrick has been covering medical, fitness and cybersecurity topics for many years, having written thousands of articles for print magazines and websites, including as a ghostwriter. She’s also a former ACE-certified personal trainer.