Can DVT treatment be more successful with both ultrasound and drugs, rather than just the clot-busting medications alone?
DVT stands for deep vein thrombosis, a life-threatening blood clot that can result from surgery (especially joint replacement) as well as extended air travel or prolonged home bed rest.
The typical treatment is administration of a clot-busting drug intravenously.
A study from the Emory University School of Medicine shows that ultrasound plus drugs will help break up a DVT. But more studies are needed — and large-scale ones — to obtain a final verdict.
“It was a small study, and the CHEST guidelines (which is what most physicians follow) does not recommend this method above others,” says Steve Elias, MD, FACS, director of Center for Vein Disease and The Wound Healing Center at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center in Englewood, NJ.
Dr. Elias adds, “Small studies give us food for thought but should not change practice patterns completely.”
Most DVTs form in the calves but can form anywhere.
A deep vein thrombosis can break loose from its positioning in the blood vessel and travel into the lungs, where it will then block blood flow.
At this point it’s called a pulmonary embolism. A massive pulmonary embolism can kill in less than a minute.
DVT Risk Factors
- Older age
- Birth control pills
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Having a pacemaker
- Family history of DVT
- Extended bed rest, air travel or road travel
- Heart failure
- Cancer treatment
- General anesthesia
- Major surgery