A bad cough in the elderly can mean pneumonia, a top killer of the elderly, so head to the emergency room promptly.
If an elderly family member (over age 65) has a cough that seems to be getting worse, take them to the emergency room, because this can mean pneumonia. Pneumonia is the fifth leading cause of death in the elderly (over age 65).
“If there is fever, shortness of breath, and/or mental status changes, one should definitely visit the doctor’s office,” says Richard Honaker, MD, Chief Medical Advisor at Your Doctors Online, with 30+ years’ experience as a primary care physician.
“If none of these are present, it is recommended to see a doctor if the cough lasts more than a week, is rapidly worsening, impacts sleep, is severe or is causing distress.”
My mother, whom I consider “young elderly,” developed a nagging cough that involved phlegm (a “productive” cough). I didn’t think much of it since she felt fine otherwise, and has had coughs in the past.
My mother called the Kaiser Permanente hotline to receive some advice from a nurse.
The nurse said that sometimes, it takes about three weeks for a cough in the elderly to work its way out of the system.
That’s all the nurse said; just let it run its course. It seemed to run its course and apparently was out of my mother’s system.
A few weeks later I was visiting and noticed my mother was coughing quite a bit—the same type of cough, but very frequently and for lengthy episodes. She was hacking up phlegm.
I wondered if the previous bout had never really gone away, and instead whatever had caused it was still in her system, this time all fired up with a vengeance.
My father informed me that my mother had been coughing like this for the past three or four days.
My father should have been more tuned into this problem and gotten my mother to the emergency room.
The earlier that pneumonia is treated, the higher the chance for recovery.
Instead he thought that it was a mere resurgence of the cough of several weeks ago, that the nurse hadn’t seemed too concerned about.
In fact, the nurse never even mentioned that it might be pneumonia!
Why didn’t the nurse say, “I can’t diagnose over the phone, but when an elderly person has a persistent or worsening cough, they should go to the ER to rule out pneumonia or a bronchial infection” ?
I couldn’t help but think about pneumonia, as the cough had a sinister sound to it.
I also had no reason to believe my elderly mother was immune to this infectious disease.
I said, “We have to get you to the ER. If this is pneumonia, it can be easily treated in the early stages. But if we don’t go to the emergency room, and this is pneumonia, it will progress beyond the point of no return.”
Well, that clinched it, and I took her to the ER, where the chest X ray confirmed “a little pneumonia.” It was “a little” because I had gotten her to the ER early in the disease. Treatment was an antibiotic.